What Can You Do with a Computer Science Degree? 10 In-Demand Fields (2024)

Written by Coursera Staff • Updated on

Earning your bachelor's or master's degree in computer science can lead to exciting opportunities across a number of industries.

What Can You Do with a Computer Science Degree? 10 In-Demand Fields (1)

Computer and information technology (IT)-related careers are projected to grow much faster than the average for all occupations in the coming years, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) [1]. Earning your computer science degree—either your bachelor's in computer science or master's in computer science—opens up numerous career opportunities.

While computer science tends to be thought of as a hard major, it's also considered a good major because of the job opportunities it can often lead to. In this article, we've compiled ten established and emerging fields that are worth exploring as you get ready to apply for your computer science degree and move into the workforce.

10 in-demand fields for computer science graduates

Whether you're looking for entry-level computer science jobs or opportunities that require more training and experience, consider these relevant computer science career paths.

1. AI and machine learning

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been named a key driver of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. We experience AI in our homes, our cars, our businesses, and even in public spaces. Machine learning enables an AI system to learn from data. Working in the field of AI and machine learning means innovating the technology of tomorrow.

This industry may be good for you if: You can think creatively and analytically. You want to play a role in transforming the global economy.

AI and machine learning job titles:

  • Machine learning engineer

  • Data scientist

  • AI researcher

Common job requirements: Bachelor or Master of Computer Science, knowledge of Python, Java, and R coding languages

2. Robotics

The growing field of robotics focuses on building robots that can replicate human actions (from building cars to assisting in surgery). A foundation in computer science equips you to program the software that helps physical and virtual bots operate effectively.

This industry may be good for you if: You’re interested in computer programming as well as electrical and mechanical engineering. You enjoy hands-on projects.

Robotics job titles:

  • Robotics engineer

  • Robotics technician

  • Software developer

Common job requirements: Bachelor’s degree in computer science or software, mechanical, or electrical engineering, experience with computer-aided design (CAD) software, proficiency in C++ orPython.

Learn more: 5 Robotics Jobs to Consider

3. Computer forensics

Computer forensics exists at the intersection of law and computer science. Computer forensics, also called data or digital forensics, deals with the recovery and analysis of digital evidence recovered from computers, networks, and digital storage devices. You might work in a crime lab, law enforcement department, public agency, or private contractor.

This industry may be good for you if: you’re naturally inquisitive and are interested in cybercrime and law enforcement.

Computer forensics job titles:

  • Digital forensics specialist

  • Computer forensics investigator

  • Forensic computer analyst

Common job requirements: Bachelor’s degree in computer science or computer security, recognized digital forensics certification

4. Cybersecurity and ethical hacking

Cybersecurity refers to the practice of protecting computer systems, networks, programs, and mobile devices from unauthorized access or digital attacks. Cyberattacks rank among the fastest-growing crimes, fueling global demand for cybersecurity skills.

Ethical hacking takes a proactive approach to cybersecurity by trying to find vulnerabilities before malicious hackers do.

This industry is perfect for you if: you naturally think ahead to what could go wrong before it happens. You take a methodical approach to problem-solving.

Cybersecurity job titles:

  • Information security analyst

  • Systems engineer

  • Cybersecurity manager

Common job requirements: Bachelor of Computer Science or Master of Business Administration in Information Systems, information security certification like the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) or Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)

Read more: 10 Popular Cybersecurity Certifications

5. Video game design

While video game design isn’t a new industry, it’s one that will likely continue to evolve. As games get more advanced, gaming companies will need more people skilled in designing and programming virtual reality, graphics, game physics, networks, and user interfaces.

This industry is perfect for you if: you’re a creative thinker with a passion for video games.

Video game design job titles:

  • Games developer

  • Programmer

  • Technical support specialist

Common job requirements: Bachelor of Computer Science or related field, knowledge of the latest gaming trends, proficiency in C++ or Java programming languages

6. Cloud computing

With the emergence of cloud computing technology, companies no longer need their own servers to build products. As the cloud continues to grow, so will the demand for professionals with cloud computing skills, including cloud security, database management, and network architecture.

This industry is perfect for you if: you’re interested in how the Internet can help transform businesses.

Cloud computing job titles:

  • Cloud engineer

  • Network architect

  • Cloud security specialist

Common job requirements: Bachelor’s degree in computer science, certification from Google Cloud Platform (GCP), Amazon Web Services (AWS), Cisco, or Microsoft Azure

Learn more: 5 Cloud Certifications for Your IT Career

7. Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics combines mathematics, biology, and computer science to better understand biological data. Scientists in this field use the growing stream of biological data by storing, analyzing, and interpreting big data sets using computer technology.

This industry is perfect for you if: You like analyzing facts and working with ideas. You’re interested in biological science as well as computers.

Bioinformatics job titles:

  • Bioinformatics scientist

  • Research associate

  • Bioinformatics engineer

Common job requirements: Master’s degree in computer science or computational biology, proficiency with Python, Perl, and R programming languages

8. UX design

User experience (UX) design helps shape a customer’s emotions and attitudes when using a particular product, service, or system. Whether for a physical product or, more often, for a website or app, user design is concerned with gathering and analyzing data to craft the most enjoyable and efficient user experience.

This industry is perfect for you if: You are interested in human behavior. You want a career where you can use your creativity.

UX design job titles:

  • UX designer

  • Information architect

  • Product manager

Common job requirements: Bachelor’s degree in human-computer interaction, computer science, or psychology, knowledge of design and prototyping tools like Sketch, InVision, or AdobeXD

9. Big data

Businesses are often inundated with data each day, more data than the human mind can make sense of on its own. That’s where big data analytics comes in. This field deals with collecting and analyzing large data sets to find valuable information that can be leveraged to make better business decisions.

This industry is perfect for you if: you enjoy mathematics and making sense of large data sets.

Big data job titles:

  • Data scientist

  • Data visualization developer

  • Business intelligence engineer

Common job requirements: Bachelor’s or master’s degree in computer or data science, proficiency with SQL, knowledge of Python, Java, or R programming languages

10. Internet of things (IoT)

Physical objects around the globe—from thermostats and lightbulbs to toys and audio speakers—are now connected to the internet. The Internet of things (IoT) refers to this collection of devices and the technology used to connect the physical with the digital. As the number of “smart” objects grows, companies will need professionals with the skills to design, develop, and program them.

This industry is perfect for you if: you’re a natural tinkerer obsessed with the latest gadgets.

Internet of things job titles:

  • IoT developer

  • Embedded systems designer

  • Vulnerability analyst

Common job requirements: Bachelor of Computer Science, IoT or cloud development certification, proficiency with JavaScript and Python

Next steps

Now that you’ve learned about what you can do with a computer science degree, it’s time to take the next step on your career journey.

  • Build a foundation in information technology (IT) with the Google IT Support Professional Certificate on Coursera.

  • Learn about what it’s like to earn your bachelor’s or master’s in computer science online. Sign up for more information on degree programs through Coursera, or contact a Coursera enrollment counselor to get your questions answered.

  • Experience a degree program for yourself by sitting in on a degree course from the University of Illinois.

Computer science degree frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Read on for answers to some frequently asked questions about degrees in computer science.

Studying computer science means learning some complex topics like algorithms and coding. With the right motivation, patience, and an interest in computers, you can find success in this challenging field.

Read more: Is Computer Science Hard?

The time, effort, and monetary investment of earning a degree potentially opens up well-paying job opportunities in many in-demand fields. Check the job requirements of some positions you’d like to apply to in the future to see if a computer science degree aligns with your career goals.

Read more: Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science: A Guide

If you’re organized, pay attention to detail, and enjoy problem solving, computer science could be a good fit. Enhance your understanding of technology and learn skills to empower you to work in the computer careers of the future.

Read more: What’s a Computer Scientist? And How to Become One

The computer science field was one of the first to allow working from home, even before COVID-19. Whether or not you can work from home depends on your career choice. Jobs in software and web development, programming, and technical support often come with work-from-home opportunities.

Read more: 10 Remote Work-From-Home Jobs that Pay Well

Yes. Completing a computer science degree online allows you to study from home with the same curriculum and professors as on-campus programs. Some online degree programs offer greater flexibility. You can continue to work, take care of family, or keep up with other obligations while earning your degree.

Read more: 10 Surprising Benefits of Online Learning

Updated on

Written by:


Coursera Staff

Editorial Team

Coursera’s editorial team is comprised of highly experienced professional editors, writers, and fact...

This content has been made available for informational purposes only. Learners are advised to conduct additional research to ensure that courses and other credentials pursued meet their personal, professional, and financial goals.

What Can You Do with a Computer Science Degree? 10 In-Demand Fields (2024)


What Can You Do with a Computer Science Degree? 10 In-Demand Fields? ›

Software developers, quality assurance analysts, and testers are in high demand with a projected 25% job growth from 2022 to 2032. The median pay as of 2022 is $124,200 annually. Entry typically requires a bachelor's degree, and there's no specific work experience or on-the-job training prerequisite.

Which field of computer science is most in-demand? ›

10 in-demand fields for computer science graduates
  1. AI and machine learning. Artificial intelligence (AI) has been named a key driver of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. ...
  2. Robotics. ...
  3. Computer forensics. ...
  4. Cybersecurity and ethical hacking. ...
  5. Video game design. ...
  6. Cloud computing. ...
  7. Bioinformatics. ...
  8. UX design.
Mar 22, 2024

What careers can a computer science degree lead to? ›

23 careers you can get with a computer science degree
  • Software developer. Software developers are like the architects and builders of the digital world. ...
  • Systems administrator. ...
  • Data scientist. ...
  • Information security analyst. ...
  • Web developer. ...
  • Database administrator. ...
  • Network administrator. ...
  • Mobile application developer.
Nov 30, 2023

What career will be in-demand in 10 years? ›

Software developers, quality assurance analysts, and testers are in high demand with a projected 25% job growth from 2022 to 2032. The median pay as of 2022 is $124,200 annually. Entry typically requires a bachelor's degree, and there's no specific work experience or on-the-job training prerequisite.

Which is the fastest growing field in computer science? ›

Data Scientist (35% Growth rate) Information Security Analysis (32%) Software Developers (26%) Computer and Information Research Scientist (23%)

Which CS field has the highest salary? ›

Here are some of the highest paying computer science jobs as per qualification along with their salary estimates.
  • Full Stack Developer.
  • Principal Software Engineer.
  • Software Development Manager.
  • Site Reliability Engineer.
  • Software Engineering:
  • Security Engineering:
  • UX Design.
  • Video Games Development.
Jan 30, 2023

What is the most common job for a computer science major? ›

Some of the highest-paying and most in-demand computer science roles include software developer, computer and information research scientist, and information security analyst. Many entry-level jobs in this field require at least a bachelor's degree.

Is it still worth it to major in computer science? ›

With the ever-growing demand for technology worldwide, computer science graduates are in high demand with some of the highest-paying jobs in the world. In the United States, the average software engineering salary is $110,140 (Phillips, 2024), making it one of the highest-paying jobs.

Is it easy to get a job with a computer science degree? ›

Starting a career in computer science isn't as easy as graduating and showing up to a job interview. While new grads can expect a friendly job market, a candidate's competitive edge comes from specific expertise in a particular branch of computer science.

What jobs will no longer exist in 2030? ›

8 jobs that won't exist in 2030
  • Librarian. More and more people are clearing out those paperbacks and downloading e-books on their Tablets and Kindles instead. ...
  • Paperboy/Papergirl. ...
  • Cashier. ...
  • Receptionist. ...
  • Telemarketer. ...
  • Travel Agent. ...
  • Word Processor. ...
  • Social Media Manager.
Jul 31, 2017

Will computer science be in demand in 2030? ›

The field is rapidly expanding and is projected to grow by 22% between 2020 and 2030, with high salaries to match. Students who plan to pursue careers in computer engineering will need to enroll in a degree program in computer engineering, computer science, or software engineering to join this field.

What jobs will be gone in the next 10 years? ›

10 Jobs that Won't Exist in 10 Years
  • Photo Lab Clerks. While someone still has to man the photo desk at your local pharmacy, photo-processing labs are almost obsolete today. ...
  • Data Entry Workers. ...
  • Cashiers. ...
  • Telemarketer. ...
  • Newspaper Deliverer. ...
  • Typist or Transcriptionist. ...
  • Switchboard Operators or Receptionists. ...
  • Social Media Manager.

What is the most profitable computer science job? ›

9 highest paying computer science jobs in the US
  • Information security analyst. Median annual US salary: $102,600. ...
  • Software developer. ...
  • Computer hardware engineer. ...
  • Data scientist. ...
  • Computer network architect. ...
  • Database architect. ...
  • Computer and information research scientist. ...
  • Computer and information systems manager.
Nov 29, 2023

What is the easiest computer science job to get? ›

14 entry-level computer science jobs
  1. Web developer. ...
  2. Programmer analyst. ...
  3. Systems analyst. ...
  4. IT technician. ...
  5. Application developer. ...
  6. Information security analyst. ...
  7. Game developer. ...
  8. Business intelligence analyst.
Apr 18, 2024

What is the most fun field in computer science? ›

Game developer:__ Game developers plan, create, and produce games for computers, mobile devices, or game consoles. Part software developer and part creative, they typically work in both 2D and 3D game design, writing code to implement all of a game's features and functionality.

Which field is trending in computer science? ›

Trending fields in computer science, or "tech," include Artificial Intelligence (AI), cybersecurity, data science, and more. The tech industry is rapidly evolving so these trends may change in ten years but the skills will still be relevant.

What is the most profitable branch of computer science? ›

Here's a look at the highest paying computer science jobs today:
  • Front-end developer. ...
  • Java developer. ...
  • Software engineer. ...
  • Network security engineer. ...
  • Mobile developer. ...
  • Data scientist. ...
  • DevOps engineer. ...
  • Software architect.
Apr 18, 2024

What is the best branch of computer science to study? ›

It would be impossible to cover them all but let's consider a few of the more well-known and popular ones.
  • Artificial Intelligence. ...
  • Data Structures and Algorithms. ...
  • Game Design. ...
  • Robotics. ...
  • Security. ...
  • Software Engineering.
Jan 31, 2019

Which computer course is best for a high salary? ›

Data science, web development, cyber security, and electric vehicle courses are some of the top computer courses to get a high salary. You can expect to earn an average salary of INR 5 LPA to INR 12 LPA after completing any of these courses.

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